Ways to teach numbers between 51-100


Once your child has mastered numbers from 0 – 50, you can progress to teaching numbers from 51 – 100. It is better not to teach all of them at once because something which can seem simple to an adult can be overwhelming to a child. Teach one set at a time (50-60, 60-70 etc).

Number cards: Number cards are a great way to visually teach your child. Also, when children work with their hands, they are able to retain content better. Organize the number cards in the following manner.

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49
50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59
60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79
80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99

When you lay out the cards like this. Children can see visually how the numbers are progressing. This will enable you to not only read out the numbers across the rows, but also down the columns. That way, they learn progression in single units across the row and in 10s down the columns. You can also make multiple observations about the numbers. For example
“All the numbers in the first row have only one digit “
“All numbers in the second row begin with the number # 1”

• Pick up one row of cards and shuffle them and have your child lay it out in order in that row. Repeat the same thing with a column.
• Take a nice book with at least 100 pages. If it is one of your child’s favourite books, even better (Children’s picture encyclopaedia). Randomly open a page and ask your child to identify the number.
• Pick any 3 cards from the pile of number cards. Lay it out on the table or floor and ask your children to arrange it in sequence. You can ask for “small to big” or “big to small” and you can increase the number of cards that you want them to sequence.

• The missing number sheet is a good practice sheet for children to figure out the number that is missing in the sequence.

Number Bingo: One of the fun ways to have children recall numbers is to Play Number Bingo with them. It is also called ‘tambola’. You can buy a readymade Bingo/tambola set from the store and you can play it with your whole family. Basically, it is a game of chance. The person conducting the game would pull out number tiles from a box in random order and read it out and the members of the family have to see if the card they hold has that number on it. Each card will have a different set of numbers. The person who gets all the numbers punched in their card wins! Tambola is a great way to reinforce number recall.

Playing ‘Mancala’: Mancala or “Pallaankuzhi” /” Ali guli mane”/ Vamana guntalu /” Kuzhipara” – These are all different regional names for this game. Most adults would have played this game in childhood and it is a great game to reinforce counting in children in a fun way. Once the basics are mastered, children progress to more strategic ways of using their math skills and playing the game. You don’t have to buy any fancy equipment. You can even make a ‘home made’ Mancala with an egg carton and some dry channa beans.


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